In the previous installment of this series, we examined heavenly visitations experienced by Moses, Joshua, and John, comparing what was said to them, how each of them responded, and how they were treated as a result of their response to determine the Lord of Hosts title fits Jesus, further establishing Jesus as Jehovah. We also confirmed the sign of the Son of man Jesus mentioned in Matthew is the Ark of the Covenant revealed from the temple in Heaven in Revelation.
In this installment, we’re going to explore the Day of the Lord, and how the Old Testament is simply foretelling the events surrounding Jesus’ second coming each time it’s mentioned. Before we get there, however, please join me on a little side journey to set the stage.
As a brief reminder, the portion of scripture that sent me down this path of discovery is John 1, but specifically John 1:10-11: “He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him. He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him.” Just as important as those two verses, there is another one that holds significance for this installment.
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. … And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
John 1:1, 14 (ESV – emphasis mine)
When John says, “we have seen His glory” he is – most likely – referring to the transfiguration recorded in Matthew 17, Mark 9, and Luke 9.
And he was transfigured before them, and his face shone like the sun, and his clothes became white as light. And behold…a bright cloud overshadowed them, and a voice from the cloud said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to him.”
Matthew 17:1-5 (ESV)
Luke 9:35 records God the Father saying, “This is my Son, my Chosen One; listen to him!” We’ll circle back to the declaration that Jesus is the chosen one, but first, we need to compare Jesus’ transfiguration with Moses encounter with Jehovah on Mt. Sinai.
Moses said, “Please show me your glory.” And he said, “I will make all my goodness pass before you and will proclaim before you my name ‘The LORD.’ And I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy. But,” he said, “you cannot see my face, for man shall not see me and live.” And the LORD said, “Behold, there is a place by me where you shall stand on the rock, and while my glory passes by I will put you in a cleft of the rock, and I will cover you with my hand until I have passed by. Then I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back, but my face shall not be seen.”
Exodus 33:18-23 (ESV)
As a result of Moses’ exposure to Jehovah’s glory (Exodus 34:29-35), his face was irradiated just like Jesus’ face during His transfiguration. We know from other encounters in scripture (Jacob – Genesis 32:30, Gideon – Judges 6:22-23, and Isaiah – Isaiah 6:5), and even from the greater context of what is stated in the passage above that the mention of Moses seeing Jehovah’s face is not literal. It’s figurative, meaning man is not capable of taking in the full glory of God face-to-face. Otherwise, Moses would have died simply by seeing a portion of Jehovah’s glory, “for man shall not see me and live.”
Moses did see Jehovah and was physically changed, just as Jesus physically changed when He allowed His disciples to see a glimpse of His glory (that He had before the world existed – John 17:5) at the transfiguration.
Jesus repeatedly left breadcrumbs for us while making His mission clear: “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished” Matthew 5:17-18 (ESV – emphasis mine).
Jesus started fulfilling Old Testament prophecy at His birth and continued it by His death and resurrection, but it is not completely fulfilled yet.
Whenever Moses met with Jehovah, they were separated by a veil, even though Exodus 3:11 says, “Thus the LORD used to speak to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend…” Echoing that sentiment in John 15:5, Jesus said, “No longer do I call you servants, for the servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all that I have heard from my Father I have made known to you.” When Jesus died, the veil of separation was torn, removing the barrier between God and man.
Now, back to Jesus being the Chosen One and further confirmation that He is the image of the invisible God (Colossians 1:15).
Hebrews 7 makes reference to Psalm 110 (further below), describing Jesus as the guarantor of a better covenant as a priest after the order of Melchizedek. This is the same covenant prophesied by Jeremiah.
“Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, declares the LORD.
Jeremiah 31:31-32 (ESV – emphasis mine)
Now, look at the specific wording of Psalm 110, speaking of Messiah.
The LORD [YHWY] says to my Lord [Adon]: “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.” The LORD sends forth from Zion your mighty scepter. Rule in the midst of your enemies! Your people will offer themselves freely on the day of your power, in holy garments; from the womb of the morning, the dew of your youth will be yours. The LORD [YHWY] has sworn and will not change his mind, “You [Adon] are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.” The Lord [Adonay] is at your right hand [referring to YHWY]; he [referring to Adonay] will shatter kings on the day of his wrath. He will execute judgment among the nations, filling them with corpses; he will shatter chiefs over the wide earth.
Psalm 110:1-6 (ESV – brackets and emphasis mine)
In the first four verses, David is revealing a moment when God the Father was giving instruction and a promise to God the Son, Jesus, Messiah. Then, in verses five and six, David is confirming Messiah as the One Who executes judgment against His enemies on the day of His power and His wrath. Notice whose people will offer themselves freely: Messiah’s people. Yet, as we’ll continue to validate, Jesus is both Messiah and Jehovah. “He came to His own, and His own people did not receive Him.”
Psalm 110 may seem to contradict the entire premise of what these past studies have claimed, but when we review Zechariah’s prophecies, it will become even more clear that Jehovah is also Messiah and that Psalm 110 is simply a rare glimpse of God the Father speaking to His Son.
Before we get there, look at Jesus’ prayer of thanks after the seventy-two disciples return and testify to the works they were able to accomplish in Jesus’ name.
In that same hour he rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, “I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed them to little children; yes, Father, for such was your gracious will. All things have been handed over to me by my Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, or who the Father is except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”
Luke 10:21-22 (ESV – emphasis mine)
Jesus’ prayer fits perfectly with the transfer of authority depicted in Psalm 110, as does the Messianic prophecy in Isaiah 61, which further connects the dots of Jehovah and Messiah being one.
The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, because the LORD has anointed me to bring good news to the poor; he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound; to proclaim the year of the LORD’s favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn… For I the LORD love justice; I hate robbery and wrong; I will faithfully give them their recompense, and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.
Isaiah 61:1-2, 8 (ESV – emphasis mine)
In direct comparison, Revelation 19-22 clearly depicts Jesus as the righteous judge dispensing His wrath, which is the wrath of God the Almighty.
From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty.
Revelation 19:15 (ESV – emphasis mine)
“Behold, I am coming soon, bringing my recompense with me, to repay each one for what he has done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.”
Revelation 22:12-13 (ESV – emphasis mine)
Now, contrast the depiction of Jesus provided in Revelation with the Day of the Lord in Isaiah and Ezekiel.
Therefore I will make the heavens tremble, and the earth will be shaken out of its place, at the wrath of the LORD of hosts in the day of his fierce anger.
Isaiah 13:13 (ESV – emphasis mine)
For the LORD has a day of vengeance, a year of recompense for the cause of Zion.
Isaiah 34:8 (ESV – emphasis mine)
For the day of vengeance was in my heart, and my year of redemption had come. I looked, but there was no one to help; I was appalled, but there was no one to uphold; so my own arm brought me salvation, and my wrath upheld me. I trampled down the peoples in my anger; I made them drunk in my wrath, and I poured out their lifeblood on the earth.”
Isaiah 63:4-6 (ESV – emphasis mine)
With pestilence and bloodshed I will enter into judgment with him, and I will rain upon him and his hordes and the many peoples who are with him torrential rains and hailstones, fire and sulfur. So I will show my greatness and my holiness and make myself known in the eyes of many nations. Then they will know that I am the LORD.
Ezekiel 38:22-23 (ESV – emphasis mine)
In the previous installment of this series, we already confirmed Jesus as the Lord of hosts, but if these passages aren’t witness enough that Jesus is the LORD (Jehovah) Who dispenses His wrath on the Day of the Lord, the following passage from Zechariah should seal it.
The oracle of the word of the LORD concerning Israel: Thus declares the LORD, who stretched out the heavens and founded the earth and formed the spirit of man within him: “Behold, I am about to make Jerusalem a cup of staggering to all the surrounding peoples. … And on that day I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and pleas for mercy, so that, when they look on me, on him whom they have pierced, they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for an only child, and weep bitterly over him, as one weeps over a firstborn.”
Zechariah 12:1-14 (ESV – emphasis mine)
This passage from Zechariah is critical to understanding exactly Who Jesus is. Remember, John and Paul both describe Jesus as the creator of all things, not God the Father, so that is our starting point. From there, we have to ask if God the Father was pierced. Of course, He wasn’t. Jesus was pierced when He was crucified, and it will be Jesus they look upon and mourn. Jehovah is speaking in first-person (I and Me) concerning things only Jesus would fulfill.
Now, let’s look at another passage from Zechariah.
Behold, a day is coming for the LORD, when the spoil taken from you will be divided in your midst. For I will gather all the nations against Jerusalem to battle… Then the LORD will go out and fight against those nations as when he fights on a day of battle. On that day his feet shall stand on the Mount of Olives that lies before Jerusalem on the east, and the Mount of Olives shall be split in two from east to west by a very wide valley, so that one half of the Mount shall move northward, and the other half southward. …And you shall flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the LORD my God will come, and all the holy ones with him. On that day there shall be no light, cold, or frost. And there shall be a unique day, which is known to the LORD, neither day nor night, but at evening time there shall be light. On that day living waters shall flow out from Jerusalem, half of them to the eastern sea and half of them to the western sea. It shall continue in summer as in winter. And the LORD will be king over all the earth. On that day the LORD will be one and his name one.
Zechariah 14:1-9 (ESV – emphasis mine)
To place this passage from Zechariah in proper perspective, we must revisit John’s description of Jesus’ return in Revelation 19.
Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war. His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems, and he has a name written that no one knows but himself. He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and the name by which he is called is The Word of God. And the armies of heaven, arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses.
Revelation 19:11-14 (ESV – emphasis mine)
There is no mistaking the message presented in these passages. Jesus is Jehovah. That is why Zechariah declares, “On that day the LORD will be one and his name one.” As Ezekiel prophesied, on that day all the nations will recognize Jehovah and the LORD. That day is Jesus’ day!
“And my holy name I will make known in the midst of my people Israel, and I will not let my holy name be profaned anymore. And the nations shall know that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel. Behold, it is coming and it will be brought about, declares the Lord GOD. That is the day of which I have spoken.
Ezekiel 39:7-8 (ESV – emphasis mine)
Please stay tuned for the next installment as we explore even more confirmation of Jesus as both Messiah in the New Testament and Jehovah in the Old, and how it applies to the kingdom of Heaven.
For an even deeper plunge into these scriptures (and others), you can also watch the entire video for this installment (below) or listen to the podcast on SoundCloud.